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Oxidative phosphorylation promotes primary melanoma invasion

Identifiers: SRA: SRP244262
BioProject: PRJNA602818
GEO: GSE144117
Study Type: 
Transcriptome Analysis
Abstract: Dermal invasion is a hallmark of malignant melanoma. The molecular alterations driving the progression of primary melanoma to metastatic disease have been studied extensively, whereas the early progression of non-invasive primary melanoma to an invasive state is not well understood. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the transition from radial to vertical growth, the first step in melanoma invasion, we developed a zebrafish melanoma model in which constitutive activation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (RSK1) drives tumor invasion. Transcriptomic analysis of RSK1-activated tumors identified metabolic changes, including upregulation of genes associated with oxidative phosphorylation. Vertical growth phase human melanoma cells show higher oxygen consumption and preferential utilization of glutamine compared to radial growth phase melanoma cells. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1a (PGC1a has been proposed as a master regulator of tumor oxidative phosphorylation. In human primary melanoma specimens we show that PGC1a protein expression is positively associated with increased tumor thickness and expression of the proliferative marker Ki-67 and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger SCARA3. PGC1a depletion modulates cellular processes associated with primary melanoma growth and invasion, including oxidative stress. Our results support a role for PGC1a in mediating glutamine-driven OXPHOS to facilitate the invasive growth of primary melanoma. Overall design: Melanomas harvested from MiniCoopR-GFP zebrafish (n=6) and MiniCoopR-myrRSK (n=6) zebrafish
Center Project: GSE144117
External Link: /pubmed:32142731

Related SRA data

12 ( 12 samples )
12 (45.9Gbp; 29.1Gb)
Additional objects:
File type count
fastq 24