RNAseq to investigate transcriptional changes in human MM cell lines due to panobinostat, 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine or n-methyl-2-pyrroldine (NMP) treatments.
Purpose: We applied RNA sequencing technology for high-throughput analysis of transcriptional changes within human MM cell lines JJN3 and U266 due to individual and combination drug treatment. Methods: JJN3 and U266 cells were treated with pan-HDACi panbobinostat, DNMTi 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine or NMP for 4h or 24h in triplicate and transcriptional changes assessed by RNAseq using Illumina HiSeq platform. Specifically, JJN3 cells were treated with 10nM panobinostat, 2.5µM 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine (at given doses), or 10mM NMP. U266 cells were treated with 10nM panobinostat, 10µM 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine (at given doses), or 10mM NMP. Results: We report unique and overlapping transcriptional signatures that lead to the induction of apoptosis in human MM cell lines in a cell-specific manner due to individual or combination treatments. Conclusions: A detailed analysis of differential transcriptional events in human MM cell lines due to HDACi, DNMTi, HDACi+DNMTi and NMP appear to define the molecular events leading to apoptosis and drug mechanism of action. Overall design: We tested triplicate experiments at 4h and 24hr time points in JJN3 and U266 cell lines against vehicle control treated cells.