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HDAC8 mutations in Cornelia de Lange Syndrome affect the cohesin acetylation cycle

Identifiers: SRA: SRP011927
: Bando-Nature
Study Type: 
Epigenetics
Submission: SRA051272 on 2012-03-24 05:17:00
Abstract: Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominantly inherited congenital malformation disorder caused by mutations in the cohesin-loading protein NIPBL1,2 for nearly 60% of individuals with classical CdLS 3-5 and in the core cohesin components SMC1A (~5%) and SMC3 (<1%) for a smaller fraction of probands6,7. In humans, the multi-subunit complex cohesin is comprised of SMC1, SMC3, RAD21 and a STAG protein to form a ring structure proposed to encircle sister chromatids to mediate sister chromatid cohesion (SCC)8 as well as play key roles in gene regulation9. SMC3 is acetylated during S-phase to establish cohesiveness of chromatin-loaded cohesin10-13 and in yeast, HOS1, a class I histone deacetylase, deacetylates SMC3 during anaphase14-16. Here we report HDAC8 as the vertebrate SMC3 deacetylase and the identification of loss-of-function HDAC8 mutations in six CdLS probands. Loss of HDAC8 activity results in increased SMC3 acetylation (SMC3-ac) and inefficient dissolution of the “used” cohesin complex released from chromatin in both prophase and anaphase. While SMC3 with retained acetylation is loaded onto chromatin, ChIP-Seq analysis demonstrates decreased occupancy of cohesin localization sites to result in a consistent pattern of altered transcription seen in CdLS cell lines with either NIPBL or HDAC8 mutations.
Description: For ChIP, we made Library using SOLiD5500Library construction kit.For RNA sample, we used SOLiD total RNA-Seq kit.
External Link: /pubmed:22885700

Related SRA data

Experiments:
29
Runs:
29 (95.1Gbp; 56.6Gb)