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Endogenous siRNAs derived from transposons and mRNAs in Drosophila somatic cells

Identifiers: SRA: SRP000181
BioProject: PRJNA107113
GEO: GSE11019
Study Type: 
Transcriptome Analysis
Submission: SRA001013 on 2008-05-12 15:08:00
Abstract: Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) direct RNA interference (RNAi) in eukaryotes. In flies, somatic cells produce siRNAs from exogenous double-stranded RNA as a defense against viral infection. Here, we identify 21-nt long, endogenous siRNAs (endo-siRNAs) corresponding to transposons and heterochromatic sequences in the somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster. We also detected endo-siRNAs complementary to mRNAs: these siRNAs disproportionately mapped to the complementary regions of overlapping mRNAs predicted to form dsRNA in vivo. Normal accumulation of somatic endo-siRNAs requires the siRNA-generating ribonuclease, Dicer-2, and the RNAi effector protein, Ago2. We propose that endo-siRNAs generated by the fly RNAi pathway silence selfish genetic elements in the soma much as piRNAs do in the germ line. Keywords: Small RNA detection and quantification. Overall design: Small RNAs (18-30 nt) from fly heads (WT, ago2 mutants, dcr-2 homozygous and heterozygous mutants, and WT expressing an inverted repeat directed against exon 3 of the gene "white") and S2 cells (transgenic for a construct expressing siRNAs against white and GFP) were sequenced using a Solexa Genome Analyzer instrument. Raw sequence data files for this study are available for download from the SRA FTP site at
Center Project: Drosophila melanogaster
External Link: /pubmed:18403677

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